Hypertext markup language (HTML), has come a long way since Tim Berners-Lee invented it in 1991. The rise of e-commerce websites in the previous years resulted in the continuous innovation of the programming language. HTML5 is the latest version supported by modern web browsers.HTML has elements that form the building blocks of all websites. HTML makes it easy to add images and objects and create call-to-action buttons. It’s also simple to produce structured web pages composed of various semantics such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links, and quotes.

If you’re looking to improve your development skills, HTML is a great place to start. Our HTML cheat sheet has a full list of all HTML elements, including descriptions, and code examples.

Scroll down to browse all HTML Tags alphabetically or by category.

List of HTML Elements By Category

An HTML element (or tag) is an individual component of an HTML document. Here below is a full list of HTML elements listed by category.

Basic HTML Elements

BODY Tag <body>

Main content of the document. The HTML <body> element represents the content of an HTML document. There can be only one <body> element in a document.

Attributes (modifiers)

onafterprint | onbeforeprint | onbeforeunload | onblur | onerror | onfocus | onhashchange | onlanguagechange | onload | onmessage | onoffline | ononline | onpopstate | onredo | onresize | onstorage | onundo | onunload

Code example


<html>
<head>
  <title>Here goes the title of the document</title>
</head>
<body>
  Here goes the content of the document......
</body>
</html>

BR Tag <br>

Line break. The HTML element line break <br> produces a line break in text (carriage return). It is useful for writing a poem or an address, where the division of lines is significant. Do not use <br> to increase the gap between lines of text; use the CSS margin property or the <p> element.

Attributes (modifiers)

Code example


<p>Digital.com<br>xx <br>xx</p>

HR Tag <hr>

Paragraph-level thematic break. The HTML <hr> element represents a thematic break between paragraph-level elements (for example, a change of scene in a story, or a shift of topic with a section).

In previous versions of HTML, it represented a horizontal rule. It may still be displayed as a horizontal rule in visual browsers, but is now defined in semantic rather than presentational terms.

Code example


<p>This is the first paragraph of text.</p><hr><p>This is second paragraph of text.</p>

HTML Tag <html>

Specifies an HTML document. The HTML <html> element (or HTML root element) represents the root of an HTML document. All other elements must be descendants of this one. Since the <html> element is the first in a document other than comments, it is called the root element. Although this Tag can be implied, or not required, with HTML, it is required to be opened and closed in XHTML.
HTML Tage Code example


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>...</head>
  <body>...</body>
</html>

P Tag <p>

Paragraph content. The HTML <p> element (or HTML paragraph element) represents a paragraph of text. Paragraphs are usually represented in visual media as blocks of text separated from adjacent blocks by vertical blank space and/or first-line indentation.

The paragraphs are block-level elements.

Code example


<p>This is the first paragraph of text.</p><p>This is the second paragraph of text.</p>

TITLE Tag <title>

Document title or name. The HTML <title> element defines the title of the document, shown in a browser’s title bar or on the page’s tab. It can only contain text, and any contained Tags are ignored.

Code example


<title>This is the page title</title>

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Formatting HTML Elements

ABBR Tag <abbr>

Abbreviation or acronym. The <abbr> element (or HTML abbreviation element) represents an abbreviation and optionally provides a full description for it. If present, the title attribute must contain this full description and nothing else.

Code example


<p>This is  <abbr title="Hypertext Markup Language">HTML</abbr></p>

ADDRESS Tag <address>

The HTML <address> element supplies contact information for its nearest <article> or <body> ancestor; in the latter case, it applies to the whole document.

Code example


<address>Digital.com<br>xx<br> xx<br> xx </address>

B Tag <b>

Stylistically separated text of equal importance, such as a product name. The HTML <b> element represents a span of text stylistically different from normal text, without conveying any special importance or relevance.

It is typically used for keywords in a summary, product names in a review, or other spans of text whose typical presentation would be boldfaced.

Another example of its use is to mark the lead sentence of each paragraph of an article.

Code example


<p>This article describes several <b>text-level</b> elements. It explains their usage in an <b>HTML</b> document. </p>

BDI Tag <bdi>

Defines directional formatting for content. The HTML <bdi> element (or Bi-directional isolation element) isolates a span of text that might be formatted in a different direction from other text outside it.

Attributes (modifiers)

dir +

Code example


<p dir="ltr">This arabic word <bdi>ARABIC_PLACEHOLDER</bdi> is automatically displayed right-to-left.</p>

BDO Tag <bdo>

Defines directional formatting for content. The HTML <bdo> element (or HTML bidirectional override element) is used to override the current directionality of text. It causes the directionality of the characters to be ignored in favor of the specified directionality.

Attributes (modifiers)

dir +

Code example


<p><bdo dir="rtl">This text will go right to left.</bdo></p>

BLOCKQUOTE Tag <blockquote>

Quote from another source. The HTML <blockquote> element (or HTML Block quotation element) indicates that the enclosed text is an extended quotation. Usually, this is rendered visually by indentation (see notes for how to change it).

A URL for the source of the quotation may be given using the cite attribute, while a text representation of the source can be given using the <cite> element.

Attributes (modifiers)

cite +

Code example


<blockquote cite="https://digital.com"><p>This is a quote taken from Digital.com.</p></blockquote>

CITE Tag <cite>

Title of a referenced piece of work. The HTML citation element (<cite>) represents a reference to a creative work. It must include the title of a work or a URL reference, which may be in an abbreviated form according to the conventions used for the addition of citation metadata.

Code example


<blockquote cite="https://digital.com"><p>This is a quote taken from Digital.com</p></blockquote>

CODE Tag <code>

Fragment of computer code. The HTML code element (<code>) represents a fragment of computer code. By default, it is displayed in the browser’s default monospace font.

Code example


<p>Regular text. <code>This is code.</code> Regular text.</p>

DEL Tag <del>

Text that has been removed during document editing. The HTML deleted text element (<del>) represents a range of text that has been deleted from a document. This element is often (but need not be) rendered with strike-through text.

Attributes (modifiers)

cite | datetime +

Code example


<p><del>This text has been deleted</del>, here is the rest of the paragraph.</p><del ><p >This paragraph has been deleted.</p ></del >

DFN Tag <dfn>

Defining instance of a term. The HTML definition element (<dfn>) represents the defining instance of a term.

Code example


<p><dfn id="def-internet">The Internet</dfn> is a global system of interconnected networks that use the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide.</p>

EM Tag <em>

Text that should be emphasized. The HTML element emphasis <em> marks text that has stress emphasis. The <em> element can be nested, with each level of nesting indicating a greater degree of emphasis.

Code example


<p>In HTML 5, what was previously called <em>block-level</em> content is now called <em>flow</em> content.</p>

I Tag <i>

Text in an alternate voice or mood, such as a technical term. The HTML <i> element represents a range of text that is set off from the normal text for some reason, for example, technical terms, foreign language phrases, or fictional character thoughts. It is typically displayed in italic type.

Code example


<p>The Latin phrase <i>Veni, vidi, vici</i> is often mentioned in music, art, and literature.</p>

INS Tag <ins>

Text that has been inserted during document editing. The HTML <ins> element (or HTML Inserted Text) HTML represents a range of text that has been added to a document.

Attributes (modifiers)

cite | datetime +

Code example


<ins>This text has been inserted</ins>

KBD Tag <kbd>

Example input (usually keyboard) for a program. The HTML keyboard input element (<kbd>) represents user input and produces an in-line element displayed in the browser’s default monospace font.

Code example


<p>Save the document by pressing <kbd>Ctrl</kbd> + <kbd>S</kbd></p>

MARK Tag <mark>

Text highlighted for referencing elsewhere. The HTML mark element (<mark>) represents highlighted text, i.e., a run of text marked for reference purposes, due to its relevance in a particular context. For example, it can be used on a page showing search results to highlight every instance of the searched-for word.

Code example


<p>The <mark> element is used to <mark>highlight</mark> text</p>

METER Tag <meter>

Control for entering a numeric value in a known range. The HTML <meter> element represents either a scalar value within a known range or a fractional value.

Attributes (modifiers)

high | low | max | min | optimum | value | form +

Code example


<p>Heat the oven to <meter min="200" max="500" value="350">350 degrees</meter>.</p>

PROGRESS Tag <progress>

Control for displaying progress of a task. The HTML <progress> element is used to view the completion progress of a task. While the specifics of how it’s displayed is left up to the browser developer, it’s typically displayed as a progress bar. Javascript can be used to manipulate the value of progress bar.

Attributes (modifiers)

max | value +

Code example


<progress value="70" max="100">70 %</progress>

Q Tag <q>

Phrasing content quoted from another source. The HTML quote element (<q>) indicates that the enclosed text is a short in-line quotation. This element is intended for short quotations that don’t require paragraph breaks; for long quotations use <blockquote> element.

Attributes (modifiers)

cite +

Code example


<p>Everytime Kenny is killed, Stan will announce 
   <q cite="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenny_McCormick#Cultural_impact">
     Oh my God, you/they killed Kenny!
   </q>.
</p>

RP Tag <rp>

Contains semantically meaningless markup for browsers that don’t understand ruby annotations. The HTML <rp> element is used to provide fallback parentheses for browsers’ non-supporting ruby annotations.

Ruby annotations are for showing the pronunciation of East Asian characters, like using Japanese furigana or Taiwanese bopomofo characters. The <rp> element is used in the case of lack of <ruby> element support. Its content has what should be displayed to indicate the presence of a ruby annotation, usually parentheses.

Code example


<ruby>
  漢 <rp>(</rp><rt>Kan</rt><rp>)</rp>
  字 <rp>(</rp><rt>ji</rt><rp>)</rp>
</ruby>

RT Tag <rt>

Annotation of preceding text. The HTML <rt> element embraces the pronunciation of characters presented in ruby annotations, which are used to describe the pronunciation of East Asian characters. This element is always used inside a <ruby> element.

Code example


<ruby>
  漢 <rp>(</rp><rt>Kan</rt><rp>)</rp>
  字 <rp>(</rp><rt>ji</rt><rp>)</rp>
</ruby>

RUBY Tag <ruby>

Contains text with annotations, such as pronunciation hints. Commonly used in East Asian text. The HTML <ruby> element represents a ruby annotation for showing the pronunciation of East Asian characters.

Code example


<ruby>
  漢 <rp>(</rp><rt>Kan</rt><rp>)</rp>
  字 <rp>(</rp><rt>ji</rt><rp>)</rp>
</ruby>

S Tag <s>

Strike-through text that is outdated or no longer accurate. The HTML strike-through element (<s>) renders text with a strike-through, or a line through it. Use the <s> element to represent things that are no longer relevant or accurate. However, <s> is not appropriate when indicating document edits; for that, use the <del> and <ins> elements, as appropriate.

Code example


<p>Planet earth is <s>flat</s> round</p>

SAMP Tag <samp>

Sample output of a program. The HTML <samp> element is intended to identify sample output from a computer program. It is usually displayed in the browser’s default monotype font (such as Lucida Console).

Code example


<p>Regular text. <samp>This is sample text.</samp> Regular text.</p>

SMALL Tag <small>

Small text, such as fine print. The HTML small element (<small>) makes the text font one size smaller (for example, from large to medium, or from small to x-small) down to the browser’s minimum font size.

In HTML5, this element is repurposed to represent side comments and small print, including copyright and legal text, independent of its styled presentation.

Code example


<p>This is the first sentence.  <small>This whole sentence is in small letters.</small></p>

PRE Tag <pre>

A block of preformatted text. The HTML <pre> element (or HTML Preformatted Text) represents preformatted text. Text within this element is typically displayed in a non-proportional (“monospace”) font exactly as it is laid out in the file.

The white space inside this element is displayed as typed.

Code example


<pre>
body {
  background-color:red;
}
</pre>

STRONG Tag <strong>

Text that is important. The HTML strong element (<strong>) gives text strong importance, and is typically displayed in bold.

Code example


<p>When doing x it is <strong>imperative</strong> to do y before proceeding.</p>

SUB Tag <sub>

Subscript text. The HTML subscript element (<sub>) defines a span of text that should be displayed, for typographic reasons, lower, and often smaller than the main span of text.

Code example


<p>The chemical formula of water is H<sub>2</sub>O</p>

SUP Tag <sup>

Superscript text. The HTML superscript element (<sup>) defines a span of text that should be displayed, for typographic reasons, higher, and often smaller, than the main span of text.

Code example


<p>This text is <sup>superscripted</sup></p>

TIME Tag <time>

Time defined in a machine-readable format. The HTML <time> element represents either a time on a 24-hour clock or a precise date in the Gregorian calendar (with optional time and time zone information).

It is intended to be used presenting dates and times in a machine-readable format. This can be helpful for user agents to offer any event scheduling for the user’s calendar.

Attributes (modifiers)

datetime +

Code example


<p>The concert starts at <time>20:00</time>.</p>

VAR Tag <var>

Mathematical or programming variable. The HTML variable element (<var>) represents a variable in a mathematical expression or a programming context.

Code example


<p> A simple equation: <var>x</var> = <var>y</var> + 2 </p>

WBR Tag <wbr>

Opportunity for a line break. The HTML element word break opportunity <wbr> represents a position within text where the browser may optionally break a line, though its line-breaking rules would not otherwise create a break at that location.

Code example


<p>http://this<wbr>.is<wbr>.a<wbr>.really<wbr>.long<wbr>.example<wbr>.com/With<wbr>/deeper<wbr>/level<wbr>/pages<wbr>/deeper<wbr>/level<wbr>/pages<wbr>/deeper<wbr>/level<wbr>/pages<wbr>/deeper<wbr>/level<wbr>/pages<wbr>/deeper<wbr>/level<wbr>/pages</p>

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Forms and Input HTML Elements 

BUTTON Tag <button>

A button. The HTML <button> element represents a clickable button.

Attributes (modifiers)

autofocus | disabled | form | formaction | formenctype | formmethod | formnovalidate | formtarget (_self | _blank | _parent | _top) | name | type | value +

Code example


<button name="button">I am a button. Click me!</button>

DATALIST Tag <datalist>

Define sets of options. The HTML datalist element (<datalist>) contains a set of <option> elements that represent the values available for other controls.

Code example


<label>Choose a browser from this list:
<input list="browsers" name="myBrowser" /></label>
<datalist id="browsers">
  <option value="Chrome">
  <option value="Firefox">
  <option value="Internet Explorer">
  <option value="Opera">
  <option value="Safari">
  <option value="Microsoft Edge">
</datalist>

FIELDSET Tag <fieldset>

Set of form controls grouped by theme. The HTML <fieldset> element is used to group several controls as well as labels (<label>) within a web form.

Attributes (modifiers)

disabled | form | name +

Code example


<form action="test.php" method="post">
  <fieldset>
    <legend>Title</legend>
    <input type="radio" id="radio"> <label for="radio">Click me</label>
  </fieldset>
</form>

FORM Tag <form>

Used to create an HTML form for user input. The HTML <form> element represents a document section that contains interactive controls to submit information to a web server. It is possible to use the :valid and :invalid CSS pseudo-classes to style a <form> element.

Attributes (modifiers)

action | autocomplete | name | novalidate | accept-charset | enctype | method | target (_self | _blank | _parent | _top) +

Code example


<form action="" method="post">
  <fieldset>
    <legend>Title</legend>
    <input type="radio" id="radio"> <label for="radio">Click me</label>
  </fieldset>
</form>

INPUT Tag <input>

Generic form input. The HTML element <input> is used to create interactive controls for web-based forms in order to accept data from the user. How an <input> works varies considerably depending on the value of its type attribute.

Attributes (modifiers)

accept | alt | auto-complete | autofocus | checked | disabled | form | formaction | formenctype | formmethod | formnovalidate | formtarget | height | list | max | maxlength | min | multiple | name | pattern | placeholder | readonly | required | size | src | step | type | value | width | webkitdirectory | global | spellcheck | selectionDirection +

Code example


<input type="text" value="Type here">

LABEL Tag <label>

Caption for a form control. The HTML label element (<label>) represents a caption for an item in a user interface. It can be associated with a control either by placing the control element inside the <label> element or by using the for attribute.

Such a control is called the labeled control of the label element. One input can be associated with multiple labels.

Attributes (modifiers)

for +

Code example


<label>Click me <input type="text"></label>

LEGEND Tag <legend>

Define a name for a fieldset. The HTML <legend> element (or HTML legend field element) represents a caption for the content of its parent <fieldset>.

Code example


<form action="" method="post">
  <fieldset>
    <legend>Title</legend>
    <input type="radio" id="radio"> <label for="radio">Click me</label>
  </fieldset>
</form>

OPTGROUP Tag <optgroup>

Group of options. In a Web form, the HTML <optgroup> element creates a grouping of options within a <select> element.

Attributes (modifiers)

disabled | label +

Code example


<select>
  <optgroup label="Group 1">
    <option>Option 1.1</option>
  </optgroup> 
  <optgroup label="Group 2">
    <option>Option 2.1</option>
    <option>Option 2.2</option>
  </optgroup>
  <optgroup label="Group 3" disabled>
    <option>Option 3.1</option>
    <option>Option 3.2</option>
    <option>Option 3.3</option>
  </optgroup>
</select>

OPTION Tag <option>

Single option within a select control. In a Web form, the HTML <option> element is used to create a control representing an item within a <select>, an <optgroup>, or a <datalist> HTML5 element.

Attributes (modifiers)

disabled | label | selected | value +

Code example


<select name="select">
  <option value="value1">Value 1</option> 
  <option value="value2" selected>Value 2</option>
  <option value="value3">Value 3</option>
</select>

OUTPUT Tag <output>

Contains the results of a calculation. The HTML <output> element represents the result of a calculation or user action.

Attributes (modifiers)

form | for | name +

Code example


<form oninput="result.value=parseInt(a.value)+parseInt(b.value)">
    <input type="range" name="b" value="50" /> +
    <input type="number" name="a" value="10" /> =
    <output name="result">60</output>
</form>

SELECT Tag <select>

Control for selecting from multiple options. The HTML select (<select>) element represents a control that presents a menu of options. These options are represented by <option> elements, which can be grouped by <optgroup> elements. Options can be pre-selected for the user.

Attributes (modifiers)

autofocus | size | disabled | form | multiple | name | required +

Code example


<select name="select">
  <option value="value1">Value 1</option> 
  <option value="value2" selected>Value 2</option>
  <option value="value3">Value 3</option>
</select>

TEXTAREA Tag <textarea>

Multiline free-form text input. The HTML <textarea> element represents a multiline plain-text editing control.

Attributes (modifiers)

autocomplete | autofocus | cols | disabled | dirname | form | name | readonly | required | rows | maxlength | minlength | placeholder | wrap | selectionDirection | selectionEnd | selectionStart | spellcheck +

Code example


<textarea name="textarea" rows="10" cols="50">Write something here</textarea>

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Images and Multimedia HTML Elements

AREA Tag <area>

Hyperlink with some text and a corresponding area on an image map, or a dead area on an image map. The HTML <area> element defines a hot-spot region on an image, and optionally associates it with a hypertext link. This element is used only within a <map> element.

Attributes (modifiers)

alt | coords | download | href | hreflang | media | rel | referrerpolicy | shape | target | type +

Code example


<map name="primary">
  <area shape="circle" coords="200,250,25" href="another.htm" /> 
  <area shape="default" nohref />
</map>

AUDIO Tag <audio>

Sound or audio stream. The HTML <audio> element is used to embed sound content in documents. It may contain one or more audio sources, represented using the src attribute or the <source> element; the browser will choose the most suitable one.

Attributes (modifiers)

autoplay | buffered | preload | loop | controls | src | muted | played | volume +

Code example


<audio src="http://developer.mozilla.org/@api/deki/files/2926/=AudioTest_(1).ogg" autoplay>
  Your browser does not support the <code>audio</code> element.
</audio>

CANVAS Tag <canvas>

Bitmap which is editable by client-side scripts. The HTML <canvas> element can be used to draw graphics via scripting (usually JavaScript). For example, it can be used to draw graphs, make photo compositions or even perform animations.

It is a good idea to provide alternate content inside the <canvas> block. That content will be rendered both on older browsers that don’t support canvas and in browsers with JavaScript disabled.

Attributes (modifiers)

height | width +

Code example


<canvas id="canvas" width="300" height="300">An alternative text describing what your canvas displays.</canvas>

IMG Tag <img>

An image. The HTML <img> element represents an image in the document.

Attributes (modifiers)

alt | src | height | ismap | usemap | width | crossorigin | longdesc | referrerpolicy | sizes | srcset +

Code example


<img src="mdn-logo-sm.png" alt="MDN">

MAP Tag <map>

Image map for adding hyperlinks to parts of an image. The HTML <map> element is used with <area> elements to define an image map (a clickable link area).

Attributes (modifiers)

name +

Code example


<map name="example-map-1">
  <area shape="circle" coords="200,250,25" href="another.htm" />
  <area shape="default" />
</map>

TRACK Tag <track>

Specifies external timing track for media element. The HTML <track> element is used as a child of the media elements — <audio> and <video>. It lets you specify timed text tracks (or time-based data), for example, to automatically handle subtitles. The tracks are formatted in WebVTT format (.vtt files) — Web Video Text Tracks.

Attributes (modifiers)

default | kind | label | src | srclang +

Code example


<video controls poster="/images/sample.gif">
   <source src="sample.mp4" type="video/mp4">
   <source src="sample.ogv" type="video/ogv">
   <track kind="captions" src="sampleCaptions.vtt" srclang="en">
   <track kind="descriptions" src="sampleDescriptions.vtt" srclang="en">
   <track kind="chapters" src="sampleChapters.vtt" srclang="en">
   <track kind="subtitles" src="sampleSubtitles_de.vtt" srclang="de">
   <track kind="subtitles" src="sampleSubtitles_en.vtt" srclang="en">
   <track kind="subtitles" src="sampleSubtitles_ja.vtt" srclang="ja">
   <track kind="subtitles" src="sampleSubtitles_oz.vtt" srclang="oz">
   <track kind="metadata" src="keySTage1.vtt" srclang="en" label="Key STage 1">
   <track kind="metadata" src="keySTage2.vtt" srclang="en" label="Key STage 2">
   <track kind="metadata" src="keySTage3.vtt" srclang="en" label="Key STage 3">
</video>

VIDEO Tag <video>

Used for playing videos or movies. Use the HTML <video> element to embed video content in a document. The video element contains one or more video sources. To specify a video source, use either the src attribute or the <source> element; the browser will choose the most suitable one.

Attributes (modifiers)

autoplay | controls | height | loop | poster | preload | src | width | buffered | crossorigin | muted | played +

Code example


<video src="videofile.webm" autoplay poster="posterimage.jpg">
  Sorry, your browser doesn't support embedded videos, 
  but don't worry, you can <a href="videofile.webm">download it</a>
  and watch it with your favorite video player!
</video>

FIGCAPTION Tag   <figcaption>

Caption or legend for the figure element. The HTML <figcaption> element represents a caption or a legend. These can be associated with a figure or an illustration described by the data of the <figure> element.

Therefore <figcaption> can be the first or last element inside a <figure> block. Also, the HTML figcaption element is optional; if not provided, then the parent figure element will have no caption.

Code example


<figure>
  <img src="http://www.example.com/picture.png" alt="An awesome picture"> 
  <figcaption>A picture</figcaption>
</figure>

FIGURE Tag <figure>

Contains elements related to a single concept, such as an illustration or code example. The HTML <figure> element represents self-contained content, frequently with a caption (<figcaption>). It is typically referenced as a single unit. While it is related to the main flow, its position is independent of the main flow. Usually, this is an image, an illustration, a diagram, a code snippet, or a schema that is referenced in the main text, but that can be moved to another page or to an appendix without affecting the main flow.

Code example


<figure>
  <img src="http://www.example.com/picture.png" alt="An awesome picture"> 
  <figcaption>A picture</figcaption>
</figure>

SOURCE Tag <source>

Alternative sources for parent video or audio elements. The HTML <source> element specifies multiple media resources for either the <picture>, the <audio>, or the <video> element. It is an empty element, commonly used to serve the same media content in multiple formats supported by different browsers.

Attributes (modifiers)

media | src | type | sizes | srcset +

Code example


<video controls poster="/images/sample.gif">
   <source src="sample.mp4" type="video/mp4">
   <source src="sample.ogv" type="video/ogv">
   <track kind="captions" src="sampleCaptions.vtt" srclang="en">
   <track kind="descriptions" src="sampleDescriptions.vtt" srclang="en">
   <track kind="chapters" src="sampleChapters.vtt" srclang="en">
   <track kind="subtitles" src="sampleSubtitles_de.vtt" srclang="de">
   <track kind="subtitles" src="sampleSubtitles_en.vtt" srclang="en">
   <track kind="subtitles" src="sampleSubtitles_ja.vtt" srclang="ja">
   <track kind="subtitles" src="sampleSubtitles_oz.vtt" srclang="oz">
   <track kind="metadata" src="keySTage1.vtt" srclang="en" label="Key STage 1">
   <track kind="metadata" src="keySTage2.vtt" srclang="en" label="Key STage 2">
   <track kind="metadata" src="keySTage3.vtt" srclang="en" label="Key STage 3">
</video>

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Link HTML Elements

IFRAME Tag <iframe>

Nested browser frame. The HTML in-line frame element (<iframe>) represents a nested browsing context, effectively embedding another HTML page into the current page.

In HTML 4.01, a document may contain a <head> and a <body> or a <head> and a frameset, but not both a body and a frameset.

However, you can use an <iframe> within a normal document body. Each browsing context has its own session history and active document.

The browsing context that contains the embedded content is called the parent browsing context. The top-level browsing context (which has no parent) is typically the browser window.

Attributes (modifiers)

allowfullscreen | src | name | sandbox | seamlesss | width | height | srcdoc | referrerpolicy +

Code example


<iframe src="http:www.example.com/iframe-example" width="400" height="300">
  <p>Your browser does not support iframes.</p>
</iframe>

LINK Tag <link>

Other resources related to the document. The HTML <link> element specifies relationships between the current document and an external resource. Possible uses for this element include defining a relational framework for navigation. This element is most used to link to style sheets.

Attributes (modifiers)

href | rel | media | hreflang | type | sizes | crossorigin | integrity +

Code example


<link href="style.css" rel="stylesheet">

NAV Tag <nav>
A section of a page that links to other pages. The HTML <nav> element (HTML navigation element) represents a section of a page that links to other pages or to parts within the page: a section with navigation links.
Code example


<nav>
  <ul>
    <li><a href="#">Home</a></li>
    <li><a href="#">About us</a></li>
    <li><a href="#">Contact us</a></li>
  </ul>
</nav>

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Lists HTML Elements

A Tag <a>

Hyperlink (a hypertext anchor). The HTML anchor element (<a> Tag) defines a hyperlink to a location on the same domain (e.g. our Bluehost review page, same page, or any other page on the Web.

It can also be used to create an anchor point – a destination for hyperlinks within the content of a page so that links aren’t limited to connecting simply to the top of a page.

Attributes (modifiers)

href | hreflang | media | rel | target (_self | _blank | _parent | _top) | type | download | ping | referrerpolicy +

Code example


<a href="https://digital.com">Digital.com</a>

DD Tag <dd>

The HTML <dd> element (HTML description element) indicates the description of a term in a description list (<dl>) element. This element can occur only as a child element of a description list and it must follow a <dt> element.

Code example


<dl>
  <dt>Digital.com</dt>
  <dd>Helps you find the best tools for running a small business website</dd>
</dl>

DL Tag <dl>

An association list consisting of zero or more name-value groups (a description list). The HTML <dl> element (or HTML description list element) encloses a list of pairs of terms and descriptions. Common uses for this element are to implement a glossary or to display metadata (a list of key-value pairs). Prior to HTML5, <dl> was known as a Definition List.

Code example


<dl>
  <dt>Digital.com</dt>
  <dd>Helps you find the best tools for running a small business website</dd>
</dl>

DT Tag <dt>

Term, or name, part of a term-description group in a description list. The HTML <dt> element (or HTML definition term element) identifies a term in a definition list. This element can occur only as a child element of a <dl>. It is usually followed by a <dd> element; however, multiple <dt> elements in a row indicate several terms that are all defined by the immediate next <dd> element.

Code example


<dl>
  <dt>Digital.com</dt>
  <dd>Helps you find the best tools for running a small business website</dd>
</dl>

LI Tag <li>

List item. The HTML <li> element (or HTML list item element) is used to represent an item in a list. It must be contained in a parent element: an ordered list (<ol>), an unordered list (<ul>), or a menu (<menu>).

In menus and unordered lists, list items are usually displayed using bullet points. In ordered lists, they are usually displayed with an ascending counter on the left, such as a number or letter.

Attributes (modifiers)

value +

Code example


<ol>
  <li>first item</li>
  <li>second item</li>
  <li>third item</li>
</ol>

MENU Tag <menu>

Set of commands. The HTML <menu> element represents a group of commands that a user can perform or activate.

This includes both list menus, which might appear across the top of a screen. Also, context menus, such as those that might appear underneath a button after it has been clicked.

Attributes (modifiers)

label | type +

Code example


<menu type="context" id="popup-menu">
  <menuitem>Action</menuitem>
  <menuitem>Another action</menuitem>
  <hr>
  <menuitem>Separated action</menuitem>
</menu>

OL Tag <ol>

Ordered list. The HTML <ol> element (or HTML ordered list element) represents an ordered list of items. Typically, ordered-list items are displayed with a preceding numbering, which can be of any form, like numerals, letters, Roman numerals, or even simple bullets.

This numbered style is not defined in the HTML description of the page, but in its associated CSS, using the list-style-type property. There is no limitation to the depth and overlap of lists defined with the <ol> and <ul> elements.

Attributes (modifiers)

start | reversed | type +

Code example


<ol>
  <li>first item</li>
  <li>second item</li>
  <li>third item</li>
</ol>

UL Tag <ul>

Unordered list. The HTML <ul> element (or HTML unordered list element) represents an unordered list of items, namely a collection of items that do not have a numerical ordering, and their order in the list is meaningless.

Typically, unordered list items are displayed with a bullet, which can be of several forms, like a dot, a circle, or a square. The bullet style is not defined in the HTML description of the page, but in its associated CSS, using the list-style-type property.

Code example


<ul>
  <li>first item</li>
  <li>second item</li>
  <li>third item</li>
</ul>

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Metadata HTML Elements

BASE Tag <base>

Specifies URL, which non-absolute URLs are relative to. The HTML <base> element specifies the base URL to use for all relative URLs contained within a document. There can be only one <base> element in a document.

Attributes (modifiers)

href | target (_self | _blank | _parent | _top) +

Code example


<base href="http://www.digital.com/">

HEAD Tag <head>

First element of the HTML document. Collection of metadata for the Document. The HTML <head> element provides general information (metadata) about the document, including its title and links to its scripts and style sheets.

Code example


<html>
  <head>
    <title>Document title</title>
  </head>
</html>

META Tag <meta>

Document metadata that can’t be expressed with other elements. The HTML <meta> element represents any metadata information that cannot be represented by one of the other HTML meta-related elements (<base>, <link>, <script>, <style> or <title>). Depending on the attributes set, the kind of metadata can be one of the following:

  • If name is set, it is document-level metadata, applying to the whole page.
  • If http-equiv is set, it is a pragma directive, i.e. information normally given by the web server about how the web page should be served.
  • If charset is set, it is a charset declaration, i.e. the charset used for the serialized form of the webpage.
  • If itemprop is set, it is user-defined metadata, transparent for the user-agent as the semantics of the metadata is user-specific.

Attributes (modifiers)

charset | content | http-equiv | name +

Code example


<meta charset="utf-8">

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Programming HTML Elements

EMBED Tag <embed>

Integration point for an external (typically non-HTML) application or interactive content. The HTML <embed> element represents an integration point for an external application or interactive content (in other words, a plug-in).

Attributes (modifiers)

height | src | type | width +

Code example


<embed type="video/quicktime" src="movie.mov" width="640" height="480">

NOSCRIPT Tag  <noscript>

Contains elements that are part of the document only if scripting is disabled. The HTML <noscript> element defines a section of HTML to be inserted if a script type on the page is unsupported or if scripting is currently turned off in the browser.

Code example


<noscript>
  <a href="/">External Link</a>
</noscript>

OBJECT Tag <object>

External resource such as an image, iframe, or plug-in. The HTML embedded object element (<object>) represents an external resource, which can be treated as an image, a nested browsing context, or a resource to be handled by a plug-in.

Attributes (modifiers)

data | height | type | usemap | width | form | name | typemustmatch | usemap +

Code example


<object data="move.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash">
  <param name="foo" value="bar">
</object>

SCRIPT Tag <script>

In-line or linked client-side scripts. The HTML script element (<script>) is used to embed or reference an executable script within an HTML or XHTML document. Scripts without async or defer attributes, as well as in-line scripts, are fetched and executed immediately before the browser continues to parse the page.

Attributes (modifiers)

async | type | defer | src | charset | integrity | text | language | defer | crossorigin +

Code example


<script src="javascript.js"></script>

PARAM Tag <param>

Parameters for the parent object. The HTML <param> element (or HTML parameter element) defines parameters for <object>.

Attributes (modifiers)

name | value +

Code example


<object data="move.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash">
  <param name="foo" value="bar">
</object>

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Styling HTML Elements

DETAILS Tag <details>

Contains additional information, such as the contents of an accordian view. The HTML details element (<details>) is used as a disclosure widget from which the user can retrieve additional information.

Attributes (modifiers)

open +

Code example


<details><summary>Some details</summary><p>More info about the details.</p></details>

DIALOG Tag <dialog>

The HTML <dialog> element represents a dialog box or other interactive component, such as an inspector or window. <form> elements can be integrated within a dialog by specifying them with the attribute method=”dialog.”

When such a form is submitted, the dialog is closed with a returnValue attribute set to the value of the submit button used.

Attributes (modifiers)

open +

Code example


<dialog open>
  <p>Greetings, one and all!</p>
</dialog>

SPAN Tag <span>

Container with no semantic meaning. The HTML <span> element is a generic in-line container for phrasing content, which does not inherently represent anything.

It can be used to group elements for styling purposes (using the class or id attributes), or because they share attribute values, such as lang. This should be used only when no other semantic element is appropriate.

<span> is very much like a <div> element, but <div> is a block-level element whereas a <span> is an in-line element.

Code example


<p><span>Some text</span></p>

STYLE Tag <style>

Embed style information in the documents. The HTML <style> element contains style information for a document, or part of a document. By default, the style instructions written inside that element are expected to be Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).

Attributes (modifiers)

media | type | title +

Code example


<style type="text/css">
body {
  color:red;
}
</style>

SUMMARY Tag <summary>

Caption of a details element. The HTML summary element (<summary>) is used as a summary, caption, or legend for the content of a <details> element.

Code example


<details><summary>Some details</summary><p>More info about the details.</p></details>

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Text Level Semantic HTML Elements

ARTICLE Tag <article>

Section of the page content, such as a blog or forum post. The HTML <article> element represents a self-contained composition in a document, page, application, or site, which is intended to be independently distributable or reusable (e.g., in syndication). This could be a forum post, a magazine or newspaper article, a blog entry, an object, or any other independent item of content. Each <article> should be identified, typically by including a heading (<h1>-<h6> element) as a child of the <article> element.

Code example


<article class="ureview">
  <p>I love this tool.</p>
  <footer>
    <p>
      Posted on <time datetime="2016-05-16 19:00">May 16</time> by Matt.
    </p>
  </footer>
</article>

ASIDE Tag <aside>

Content related to surrounding elements that don’t belong in-line, such as advertising or quotes. The HTML <aside> element represents a section of the page with content that is slightly connected to the rest, but could be considered separate from that content.

These sections are often represented as sidebars or inserts. They often contain the definitions on the sidebars, such as definitions from the glossary. There may also be other types of information, such as related advertisements; the biography of the author; web applications; profile information, or related links on the blog.

Code example


<article>
  <p>
    The Disney movie <em>The Little Mermaid</em> was
    first released to theaters in 1989.
  </p>
  <aside>
    The movie earned $87 million during its initial release.
  </aside>
  <p>
    More info about the movie...
  </p>
</article>

DATA Tag <data>

Allows for machine-readable data to be provided. The HTML <data> element links a given content with a machine-readable translation. If the content is time- or date-related, the <time> must be used.

Attributes (modifiers)

value +

Code example


<ul>
 <li><data value="3967381398">Mini Ketchup</data></li>
 <li><data value="3967381399">Jumbo Ketchup</data></li>
 <li><data value="3967381400">Mega Jumbo Ketchup</data></li>
</ul>

DIV Tag <div>

Container or section with no semantic meaning. The HTML <div> element (or HTML document division element) is the generic container for flow content, which does not inherently represent anything. It can be used to group elements for styling purposes (using the class or id attributes), or because they share attribute values, such as lang. This should be used only when no other semantic element (such as <article> or <nav>) is appropriate.

Code example


<div><p>Any kind of content here. Such as <p>, <table>. You name it!</p></div>

FOOTER Tag <footer>

Footer of the current section. The HTML <footer> element represents a footer for its nearest sectioning content or sectioning root element. A footer typically contains information about the author of the section, copyright data, or links to related documents.

Code example


<footer>Some copyright info goes here</footer>

H1 TO H6 Tag <h1>

Heading for the current section. Heading elements implement six levels of document headings; <h1> is the most important and <h6> is the least. A heading element briefly describes the topic of the section it introduces. User agents may use heading information, for example, to construct a table of contents for a document automatically.

Code example


<h1>Heading level 1</h1>
<h2>Heading level 2</h2>
<h3>Heading level 3</h3>
<h4>Heading level 4</h4>
<h5>Heading level 5</h5>
<h6>Heading level 6</h6>

HEADER Tag <header>

Navigation or introductory elements for the current section. The HTML <header> element represents a group of introductory or navigational aids. It may contain some heading elements but also other elements like a logo, a wrapped section’s header, a search form, and so on.

Code example


<header>Logo</header>

MAIN Tag <main>

Specifies the main content area of an HTML document. The HTML <main> element represents the main content of the <body> of a document or application. The main content area consists of content that is directly related to or expands upon the central topic of a document or the main functionality of an application.

This content should be unique to the document, excluding any content that is repeated across a set of documents such as sidebars, navigation links, copyright information, site logos, and search forms (unless the document’s main function is as a search form).

Code example


<main>
  <h1>Apples</h1>
  <p>The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree.</p>
  <article>
  <p>The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree.</p>
  </article>
</main>

SECTION Tag <section>

Contains elements grouped by theme, for example, a chapter or tab box. The HTML <section> element represents a generic section of a document, i.e., a thematic grouping of content, typically with a heading. Each <section> should be identified, typically by including a heading (<h1>-<h6> element) as a child of the <section> element.

Code example


<section><h1>Heading</h1><p>Bunch of awesome content</p></section>

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Table HTML Elements

CAPTION Tag <caption>

Title of a table. The HTML <caption> element (or HTML table caption element) represents the title of a table. Though it is always the first descendant of a <table>, its styling, using CSS, may place it elsewhere, relative to the table.

Code example


<table>
  <caption>Monthly savings</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Month</th>
    <th>Savings</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>January</td>
    <td>$100</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>February</td>
    <td>$50</td>
  </tr>
</table>

COL Tag <col>

Columns in a table. The HTML table column element (<col>) defines a column within a table and is used for defining semantics on all common cells.

It is generally found within a <colgroup> element.

Attributes (modifiers)

span +

Code example


<table>
  <caption>Monthly savings</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Month</th>
    <th>Savings</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>January</td>
    <td>$100</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>February</td>
    <td>$50</td>
  </tr>
</table>

COLGROUP Tag <colgroup>

Defines a group of columns in a table. The HTML Table column group element (<colgroup>) defines a group of columns within a table.

Attributes (modifiers)

span +

Code example


<table>
  <colgroup>
    <col span="2" style="background-color:red">
    <col style="background-color:yellow">
  </colgroup>
  <tr>
    <th>Bluehost</th>
    <th>DreamHost</th>
    <th>A2 Hosting</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>$2.95</td>
    <td>$2.45</td>
    <td>$2.45</td>
  </tr>
</table>

TABLE Tag <table>

Table of multi-dimensional data. The HTML table element (<table>) represents tabular data: information expressed via two dimensions or more.

Attributes (modifiers)

summary +

Code example


<table>
  <caption>Monthly savings</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Month</th>
    <th>Savings</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>January</td>
    <td>$100</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>February</td>
    <td>$50</td>
  </tr>
</table>

TBODY Tag <tbody>

Contains rows that hold the table’s data. The HTML table body element (<tbody>) defines one or more <tr> element data-rows to be the body of its parent <table> element (as long as no <tr> elements are immediate children of that table element.)

In conjunction with a preceding <thead> and/or <tfoot> element, <tbody> provides additional semantic information for devices such as printers and displays. Of the parent table’s child elements, <tbody> represents the content which, when longer than a page, will most likely differ for each page printed.

The content of <thead> and <tfoot> will be the same or similar for each page printed. For displays, <tbody> will enable separate scrolling of the <thead>, <tfoot>, and <caption> elements of the same parent <table> element.

Note that unlike the <thead>, <tfoot>, and <caption> elements, multiple <tbody> elements are permitted (if consecutive), allowing the data-rows in long tables to be divided into different sections, each separately formatted as needed.

Code example


<table>
<thead>
     <tr> ...header information... </tr>
</thead>
<tfoot>
     <tr> ...footer information... </tr>
</tfoot>
<tbody>
     <tr> ...first row of block one data... </tr>
     <tr> ...second row of block one data... </tr>
</tbody>
<tbody>
     <tr> ...first row of block two data... </tr>
     <tr> ...second row of block two data... </tr>
     <tr> ...third row of block two data... </tr>
</tbody>
</table>

TD Tag <td>

Table cell. The Table cell HTML element (<td>) defines a cell of a table that contains data. It participates in the table model.

Attributes (modifiers)

colspan | rowspan | headers +

Code example


<table>
  <caption>Monthly savings</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Month</th>
    <th>Savings</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>January</td>
    <td>$100</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>February</td>
    <td>$50</td>
  </tr>
</table>

TFOOT Tag <tfoot>

Contains rows with summary of data. The HTML table foot element (<tfoot>) defines a set of rows summarizing the columns of the table.

Code example


<table>
<thead>
     <tr> ...header information... </tr>
</thead>
<tfoot>
     <tr> ...footer information... </tr>
</tfoot>
<tbody>
     <tr> ...first row of block one data... </tr>
     <tr> ...second row of block one data... </tr>
</tbody>
<tbody>
     <tr> ...first row of block two data... </tr>
     <tr> ...second row of block two data... </tr>
     <tr> ...third row of block two data... </tr>
</tbody>
</table>

TH Tag <th>

Table heading. The HTML element table header cell <th> defines a cell as a header for a group of cells of a table. This group of cells that the header refers to is defined by the scope and headers attribute.

Attributes (modifiers)

colspan | rowspan | scope | headers +

Code example


<table>
  <caption>Monthly savings</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Month</th>
    <th>Savings</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>January</td>
    <td>$100</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>February</td>
    <td>$50</td>
  </tr>
</table>

THEAD Tag <thead>

Contains rows with table headings. The HTML table head element (<thead>) defines a set of rows defining the head of the columns of the table.

Code example


<table>
<thead>
     <tr> ...header information... </tr>
</thead>
<tfoot>
     <tr> ...footer information... </tr>
</tfoot>
<tbody>
     <tr> ...first row of block one data... </tr>
     <tr> ...second row of block one data... </tr>
</tbody>
<tbody>
     <tr> ...first row of block two data... </tr>
     <tr> ...second row of block two data... </tr>
     <tr> ...third row of block two data... </tr>
</tbody>
</table>

TR Tag <tr>

A row of cells in a table. The HTML element table row <tr> defines a row of cells in a table. Those can be a mix of <td> and <th> elements.

Code example


<table>
  <caption>Monthly savings</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Month</th>
    <th>Savings</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>January</td>
    <td>$100</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>February</td>
    <td>$50</td>
  </tr>
</table>

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